Comparative Report on S&T Cooperation of the ERA Countries with Brazil, India and Russia
- Authors: Dr. Ales Gnamus
- EUR Number: 25022 EN
- Publication date: 12/2009
Information on the means and extent of ERA countries' S&T cooperation with Brazil, India and Russia (BIR) is fragmented and not readily available. To obtain better insight, a questionnaire campaign was organised through the CREST WG on Internationalisation of R&D providing information on S&T cooperation policies, their dynamics and government strategies of 24 ERA countries (21 MS & 3 AC), with BIR in the period 2008-2009. An innovative comparative assessment methodology was developed for analysis of questionnaire responses based on the quantification of numerous qualitative responses. The elaborated composite quantitative indicators served for assessment of ERA countries' S&T cooperation framework with BIR. Two indices "Degree of Networking" based on policy instruments implemented for S&T cooperation; and "Cooperation Status" summing up information on dynamics of ERA countries' cooperation policies, institutional capacity, policy measures, and practical implementation of S&T cooperation with BIR, were introduced, together describing the overall policy implementation framework for S&T cooperation with BIR. Since the two indices supplement each other, calculated numeric values for ERA countries were combined and the composite quantitative indicator "S&T Cooperation Policy Index" was used to assess the relevance of S&T cooperation framework implemented. Comparative analysis of the S&T Cooperation Policy Index with GERD - as proxy of ERA countries' S&T systems development, and scientific co-publications of ERA countries with BIR (2005-2007) as output indicator, was made. Benchmark of S&T cooperation framework of ERA countries with BIR was made and successful cooperation patterns were identified. The report summarizes the lessons learnt from comparative perspective, identifies common objectives for transnational coordination of certain internationalisation policies, and analyses underlying reasons for successful practices in S&T internationalisation with BIR.
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